Rates and Thresholds 23-24

Government Tax Rates and Thresholds 23/24

The following figures reflect the Tax Rates and Thresholds for the 23/24 Tax Year and are applicable up until the 6th April 2024.

Tax brackets Gross per week Description
Lower Earnings Limit £123 gross per week or less    If you pay your employee the LEL or below, there is nothing due to HMRC in respect of NI. This means the employee will not be contributing towards their NI record which can affect their eligibility to a state pension or benefits.
Bracket between Lower Earnings Limit and NI Threshold £123 – £175 gross per week If you pay your employee between these figures there is nothing due to HMRC in respect of NI.
Employer’s (Secondary) NI Threshold £175 gross per week or more If you pay your employee £175 or more and they are on a standard NI code, there will not be an Employee NI deduction, but Employer NI will be due
Employee’s (Primary) NI Threshold £242 gross per week or more  If you pay your employee £242 or more you must now deduct National Insurance on behalf of your employee, as well as pay Employer’s NI.
Tax Threshold Over £242 gross per week Based on the standard tax free allowance for this year of £12,570, if you pay your employee £242 or more you must now also deduct tax from your employee.

Please note, these figures are not applicable if you are based outside of England. For the current Government rates for Wales and Scotland, please click here.

Tax and NI Payments

If your Tax and National Insurance bill falls below £1,500 per month you can pay your liabilities to HMRC on a quarterly basis. If your monthly liability bill exceeds £1,500 per month, you must pay HMRC on a monthly basis.

Please be advised that late payments can result in hefty fines and interest being applied.

HMRC Payment Deadlines Financial Quarter  Months Covered
19th July  1 Apr, May, Jun
19th October 2 Jul, Aug, Sep
19th January 3 Oct, Nov, Dec
19th April  4 Jan, Feb, Mar

Minimum Wage 

The National Minimum Wage (for ages 22 and under) is reviewed every October, and the National Living Wage (for ages 23+) is reviewed every April.

Age  Gross per hour
Under 18 (but above compulsory school leaving age) £5.28
Age 18 – 20 inclusive £7.49
Age 21 – 22 inclusive £10.18
Age 23+ (National Living Wage) £10.42

Pension Contribution

The minimum percentages for pension contributions in the 23/24 financial year, are as shown below.

Period Employer  Employee  Government  Total
6th April 2023 – 5th April 2024 3% 4% 1% 8%

Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP)

Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) is payable for up to 39 weeks. The first 6 weeks of SMP are paid at 90% of the employees weekly average earnings. The remaining maternity pay period (up to a maximum of 33 weeks) are paid at the current SMP rate of £173.48 gross per week or 90% of the employee’s weekly earnings, whichever is lower.

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)

The first 3 consecutive days of an employee’s illness are classed as waiting days and will be unpaid. Statutory Sick Pay starts on the fourth consecutive day of illness and can be paid for up to 28 weeks. The 2023-24 rate of SSP is £109.40 gross per week.

Benefits in Kind

Certain benefits may incur Class 1a employer NIC payment, which is calculated at 13.8% of the benefits value. These will need to be declared to HMRC via a P11d submission, following the end of the tax year.

Last updated in March 2023

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